To expand the efficiency, reliability and profitability of wind turbines, several different im-provement and optimization concepts are currently under investigation and development. In this manner, the increase of the efficiency of wind turbines and the minimization of structural loads play an important role. This also includes the development of completely new ap-proaches, such as the integration of active elements, which are able to actively influence the flow and thus actively effect the aerodynamics of the rotor blades. In this context, the pro-posed joint research project intends to develop new concepts of active flow control on rotor blades of wind turbines based on novel structure-integrated fluidic actuators, which permit an adaptation of aerodynamics. This not only creates economic and ecological improvements in the production and operation of wind turbines, but also enables completely new rotor geome-tries. Important aspects of these developments are on the one hand novel actuator and con-trol concepts, and on the other hand innovative strategies for the integration of the actuators as well as additional components such as electronics and sensors. Based on these objec-tives, the following research areas are addressed in the joint research project:
- Development of technologies for the optimization of the blade flow of wind energy systems based on the active flow control with fluidic actuators
- Numerical and experimental analysis of technologies and optimization hypotheses
- Concepts and technologies for the integration of fluidic actuators into the fiber-reinforced rotor blade structure
- Development of an evaluation and control concept for the (lifecycle-oriented) econom-ic profitability of the use of active flow control
To achieve these goals, a consortium of research institutes, university professorships, indus-trial enterprises and SMEs has joined forces to work closely together.
The research topics can be structured according to the technical work packages of the project, which are divided as follows: